stomach disease From H. Pylori

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stomach disease From H. Pylori

Helicobacter Pylori, commonly known as H. Pylori, is a bacterium. living in the gastrointestinal tract. It is transmit from person to person. From eating food and using contaminated cooking utensils. The bacteria enter the stomach and move into the epithelial cells of the stomach. Report from ยูฟ่าเบท

Many bacteria cannot normally live in the stomach. Due to being destroyed by acid. But H. pylori have special features able to attach itself to the epithelium of the stomach. Including being able to produce more alkalis to protect yourself. From being destroyed by acid and inserted between the cells of the gastric mucosa. This allows the virus to live in the stomach of an infected person for 10 years without showing any symptoms.

But if there is an acute infection or in large quantities Symptoms are similar to gastritis with fever, abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting for a period of time and then disappear. While those infected in small amounts may not have any symptoms at all, the bacteria will continue to implant in the stomach. until the strength of the epithelium decreases resulting in chronic gastritis or stomach ulcers There is a risk of gastric cancer in the end.

Symptoms of H. pylori infection

  • Abdominal pain that comes and goes, chronic, under the epigastric area.
  • Pain is often associate with meals, for example before or after meals.
  • There is a burning pain, tightness.
  • Nausea may occur.
  • In case of severe inflammation until stomach ulcers or the area of ​​the small intestine There may be bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract. As a result, the stool is black. vomiting blood or is the cause of anemia

How to detect H. pylori

After the doctor takes a history and physical examination. Additional checks may sent as follows:

  • endoscopy to take tissue samples in the digestive tract by inserting a device with a small camera through the mouth to examine the lesions and lining of the stomach Including taking a biopsy to check for bacterial infection.
  • Stool antigen test by collecting a stool sample within 4 hours to look for bacterial remains. or bacterial proteins which has an accuracy of up to 98%
  • Breath test (Urea breath test) in which the doctor will give the patient to take urea. Then blow to collect the breath to check the amount of ammonia that increases compared to normal people. Because H. pylori can convert urea to ammonia. If it is found that the amount of ammonia is greatly increased indicates the presence of H. pylori in the gastrointestinal tract This method is also very accurate.